escape from singapore 1942
With the option of surrender or attack Wilkinson, with the support of his crew, chose the latter and sank one transport and damaged another before Li Wowas sunk. escape from singapore 1942 the story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters Nov 22, 2020 Posted By Wilbur Smith Publishing TEXT ID f8164553 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library quantity 1 available book condition fine add 3900 description details 1st ed 198p photos maps story of major geoffrey rowley conways route from oct 20 2020 escape from Author Skidmore, I Illustrator b & w Photos Format/binding Cloth Book condition Used - Fine Jacket condition Very Good Quantity available 1 Edition 1st Edition. Michael Pether (Pether 2018), whose parents were in Singapore2, also describes the scene: On the evening of 13 February 1942 as the Japanese Army tightened its encirclement of the central area of the city of Singapore the Allied troops and civilians endured constant bombing and artillery shelling – the city was in flames; thousands of dead bodies littered the streets and much of the city lay in ruins. Those remaining of the ships’ companies from Prince of Walesand Repulse after successive drafts had been sent to other ships, among them two officers, LEUT G. Brooks and LCDR A.H. Terry, with about 200 men. Another 150 RAF men were captured at Padang which fell on 17th March 1942. Kathleen’s brother, Jack Clark, a member of the Malay State Volunteer Forces was killed in action. Bennett, Lt General Henry, Gordon,Why Singapore Fell, Angus & Robertson, Sydney, 1944. Ideally the passage over open water was made at night and where possible vessels laid up in the day close to, or under cover of, islands. Brief content visible, double tap to read full content. The Highlanders, now down to 250 men, reformed with the addition of 210 Royal Marine survivors from the Prince of Walesand Repulse. Later they were flown to Batavia and from there to Australia. From inside the book . Commandeering a small launch and a junk, he and some fellow British soldiers head for Dutch Sumatra, where -- in return for a commission to operate a Dutch craft -- they rescue survivors of Japanese bombings. Shipping and handling. To prevent the remaining ships falling into enemy hands the senior naval officer, Rear Admiral Ernest Spooner, decreed that these must sail by 13 February. Bennett’s independent spirit did not fit into the Allied command structure, however his Division generally acquitted themselves well against a seasoned enemy. An element of some 6000 men departed Sydney in the liner Queen Maryas part of Convoy US9 on 4 February 1941, arriving in Singapore two weeks later on 18 February. Escape from Singapore, 1942;: The story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters Hardcover – January 1, 1974 They carried 2 x 4-inch guns, 1 x 3.7-inch gun and 8 machine guns, with a crew of 75 officers and men. Rosie's War: Escape from Singapore 1942 [Meyer, Rosalind Sharbanee] on Amazon.com. These explained the inadequacy of British forces to withstand a Japanese attack in the Far East and the Royal Navy’s inability to send a fleet in defence. In no way could the sub know that it was carrying British prisoners. A further 5000 troops in Convoy US111B arrived at Keppel Harbour on 15 August 1941. There was a problem loading your book clubs. The Canberra Times (ACT : 1926 - 1995), Sat 28 Feb 1942, Page 1 - MAJOR-GENERAL BENNETT DESCRIBES ESCAPE FROM SINGAPORE You have corrected this article This article has been corrected by You and other Voluntroves This article has been corrected by Voluntroves Ying Ping was first bombed with some damage but continued to the Banka Strait where she was shelled by an enemy cruiser. Escape from Singapore, 1942;: The story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters. Only two vessels were thought to have made their intended destinations. The Highlanders, who had trained in jungle warfare, fought well against the Japanese, until they too were overwhelmed. Most women and children who wanted to escape by ship had already gone – albeit that most of the ships which had left in the previous couple of days were doomed to be sunk. What the British refer to as the Far East and Australians South East Asia was mostly dominated by the colonial powers of Britain, France and the Netherlands, with the ex-Spanish Philippines controlled by the United States. The passage of Kung Woas described by LEUT Brooke may be regarded as typical: After passing through our own minefield at first light we were soon discovered by enemy dive bombers. Colonels and brigadiers, civilians and civilservants,battle-hardenedwarriorsandarmy deserters intent on escape at any price, left in launches, junks, rowing boats, naval craft, in fact anything that floated. An apt description of the commander, Major General Henry (Gordon) Bennett, found in a Veterans’ Affairs publication, (Moremon & Reid 2002) reads: A prominent citizen soldier, he had proven himself in World War I to be a fierce fighter and leader, but he was well known for his prickly temperament, argumentative nature and proneness to quarrel. Good old Admiralty ham. On sailing there were about300 passengers and crew. You are browsing in: Archive List > British Army. The Army’s strength was further limited by a lack of tanks, armoured cars and a shortage of anti-tank and anti-aircraft guns. Life on the Line Podcasts Silver, Lynette R., KRAIT – The Fishing Boat that went to War, Cultured Lotus, Singapore, 2001. At much the same ti… It was also the greatest defeat of Australian forces, but much closer to home in South East Asia, our near north. Women & Children being evacuated from Singapore February 1942 With the Japanese now within gun range on the opposite side of the Causeway a few thousand more persons escaped in an organized convoy on the night of 11/12 February. Commandeering a small launch and a junk, he and some fellow British soldiers … After four days at sea they were sighted by the Singapore Harbour Services Launch Tern which took the General and his two aides inshore. This tally possibly accounts for the largest number of Australian troops missing after release from Singapore. Some did make landfall on a number of islands including Pompong Island (about 80 miles south of Singapore) where they escaped the wrath of their attackers. A Royal Navy assessment of these vessels was scathing, finding them in poor repair and mostly unseaworthy, and many were later burned. Government authorities had been tardy and inefficient in the evacuation of civilians until only a few days before and now, as the last vessels that could be remotely called ‘ships’ prepared to leave, chaotic scenes were taking place at the Singapore wharves as dozens of European and Eurasian civilian men, together with hundreds of servicemen from the UK, Australia, India and New Zealand scrambled onto any vessel departing that would take them. Escape from Singapore. This is an account of Brundle's work on defence projects, his experiences during the fall of Singapore, and his escape which took him to India, where he served as an engineer in the Indian Army (38 pages). The remaining nineteen men including the Executive Officer of ML 310, SBLT Malcolm Henderson RANVR, the Admiral and the Air Marshal died of disease when on the island. There were only seven survivors and Lieutenant Wilkinson was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. The most positive escape concerns the ex-Japanese fishing vessel Kofoku Maruskippered by Australian master mariner turned mining engineer, William (Bill) Reynolds. Buy Escape from Singapore, 1942;: The story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters by Skidmore, Ian (ISBN: 9780684136387) from Amazon's Book Store. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. Singapore has fallen. Approximately 125 shipwrecked RAF men survived to be captured by the Japanese and taken to Bangka Island. The result was that on 11 February 1942, when an official directive was issued to clear all ships from Singapore Harbour there ensued several days of absolute chaos at the wharves as thousands of women,children and men struggled to pass the sentries and board launches to take them to the some 46 ships left in the harbour. From Padang they set out for Ceylon in a frail proa: During … She sustained casualties, was soon on fire and had to be abandoned before she sank. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. Fairmile Motor Launches (MLs) were versatile small craft produced in their hundreds and served in most theatres during WWII. Down below I found an air raid shelter built entirely of large tins of corned beef, and as I dived in, it was explained that the bomb splinters could slice through the sides of a ship, but could not penetrate the corned beef. Please try again. by Tom Roebuck (FPS) SS Plancius: Early in February, 1942, Professor G. A. Ransome spoke to me about his plans to try and escape to the Dutch East Indies if the Japanese should capture Singapore. The survivors who reached Padang had suffered greatly. It is an inspirational story of escape. The final naval evacuation from Singapore in February 1942 was a tragedy of epic proportions, resulting in death and misery with few redeeming features except the eventual safety of the few survivors. He was 31 years old at the time and he was accompanied by an Indian medical officer and an Indian civilian acquaintance. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. Anonymous user test. Ian Skidmore. Escape from Singapore by anneve. From Michael Pether (Pether 2018) we also know the auxiliary HMS Scott Harley safely made its destination of Tanjung Priok. The surrender of Singapore was the largest single wartime tragedy that shook the morale of Australians. February, 1942. As they had destroyed all code books the Rear Admiral Malaya was thereafter unable to read signals. The AIF was given a disproportionately small allocation of 100 places to all ranks. escape from singapore 1942 the story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters Nov 25, 2020 Posted By Erle Stanley Gardner Media Publishing TEXT ID d811ebb9 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library and burmese jungles capt mark pillai was a bombay sapper officer in malaya when singapore fell and the allies surrendered this is the story of his escape from the changi So the story goes, Grandad was sent to Singapore and was there when it fell to the Japs in 1942 (I think). PostNov 14, 2017#12017-11-14T15:32. Robinson, Stephen, False Flags – Disguised German Raiders of World War II, Exisle Publishing, Wollombi, NSW, 2016. 02 Feb 1942 Left Singapore in SS Perak 03 Feb 1942 Arrived Palembang 09 Feb 1942 Left Palembang by rail 10 Feb 1942 Arrived Oosthaven. She tells about growing up in Nairobi while her father, Arthur James Scott Hutton was the architect overseeing the building of Kenya’s Government House (which later became State House) and the Law Courts in the late 1920s and into the 1930s. With the ship’s engines irreparable and taking on water the Captain ordered abandon ship. THE STORY OF AN INCREDIBLE VOYAGE THROUGH ENEMY WATERS. But help was at hand. To avoid capture, the senior officers came ashore before she was examined by a Japanese boarding party and her engines disabled. Afterwards a fragile fleet of forty-four independent unescorted sailings occurred on ‘Black Friday’ 13 February, with a few stragglers coming behind on 14 February. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location. Roberts, Janet I., The ‘Yachties’ Australian Volunteers in the Royal Navy 1940-45, Master of Arts Thesis – University of Melbourne, October 2007. In early December 1941 Malayan Police rounded up about 1200 Japanese and impounded their fleet of fishing vessels. 4,293147. On Monday 8 December the Japanese crossed the border and carried out bombing attacks which completely destroyed the defending aircraft. In front of me, almost directly beyond Clifford Pier, was the blazing beacon of Pulau Samboe, where the large Dutch oil installation, set on fire on Friday the 13th, was still burning furiously and lighting up the sky. The documents were delivered to the German Embassy which provided copies to Japanese authorities. They displaced 85 tons, were 112feet in length, with a top speed of 20 knots. ML 310was waiting in the stream for Rear Admiral Spooner and Air Vice Marshal Conway Pulford to embark. This was the greatest known defeat of British forces in the distant Far East. Air cover was in a worse state with 158 obsolete aircraft, including four RAAF squadrons, two of Brewster Buffalo fighters and two of Lockheed Hudson bombers. Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. After viewing product detail pages, look here to find an easy way to navigate back to pages you are interested in. Veteran of the Regiment. Wife Edna Florence & son James Roderick evacuated on Ulysses, arriving Fremantle WA 31.12.41. On 8 February 1942, the Japanese launched an assault across the Johore Strait, concentrating upon the sector held by Bennett's troops. Three American vaudeville entertainers become involved with spies in Hong Kong, just before Pearl Harbor. Only one lifeboat with a capacity for 28 persons was launched, into which 135 survivors crammed, including Brigadier Paris. With the decision taken to relocate major royal naval assets to Java, most naval personnel were evacuated in MV Empire Staron 12 February. He survived this ordeal and when the opportunity came he and a number of his shipmates escaped in the river steamer Kung Wo. He was indeed a hero. The diary is anonymous, but Mortimer Hay, who also participated in the escape, has identified its author as Oppeneheim, based upon internal evidence and comparisons of its manuscript with Oppenheim's handwriting (18 sheets). Bennett had urged for specific territorial responsibility for his Division, and this resulted in an area which included Johore and Malacca, coming within his responsibility. Another vessel to escape from Singapore was SS Ban Ho Guan of about 1,700 tons with a crew of 10 and over 200 passengers including two officers and 100 other ranks from the AIF. The Japanese let the other survivors go ashore and the wreck was used for occasional bombing practice. Escape from Singapore - Across Sumatra to Padang - Escape from Padang, headed for India - Captured and became POW - To Medan and NW of Sumatra - Ship torpedoed when moved to Singapore - Finally on the Sumatra Railway Radio Tokyo also broadcast messages that the British were not going to be allowed to escape in another Dunkirk. The AMPANG, however, ran low on fuel and was forced to sail up the Palembang River to Palembang in an attempt to find fuel. Despite stubborn resistance and inflicting considerable casualties over 17 days of fighting, Hong Kong surrendered on Christmas Day 1941. A number of MLs and HDMLs had completed building at Singapore within weeks of the evacuation. Escape from Singapore --- 1942 : By Lieut.John Prior Purvis R.A. A US submarine S-39was sent to look for the survivors but they could not be found. Following Japanese atrocities in Hong Kong as many female nurses as possible were to be evacuated. As a prelude to events unfolding in Singapore in early December 1941 the Japanese Army’s 38th Division of over 50,000 men massed on the border between China and the British-leased New Territories. Wikipedia Citation. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. They were supported by seven obsolete aircraft, one elderly destroyer, two gunboats and eight motor torpedo boats (MTBs). C.Q. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. An important ship to reach Padang was the cruiser HMS Dauntless which embarked many evacuees. : Sydney Jewish Museum. Publisher: Sydney Jewish Museum, 2007. Wikipedia Citation. Copy of a diary by Oppenheim describing the retreat of the army to Singapore, the city's surrender and his escape initially by sail boat to Sumatra, Sri Lanka and then Bombay. My father died in 1988 leaving a manuscript of his escape from Singapore and his return to India after the fall of Singapore in 1942. Life on the Line tracks down Australian war veterans and records their stories. Catalogue ref: WO 106/2579B. Here she was acquired by the Australian Government, renamed Krait, and shipped back to Australia as deck cargo before taking part in her famous commando operations against Japanese shipping in Singapore (Silver 1990). Wah Suiembarked a further 300 wounded, plus nurses, and sailed on 10 February. They were malnourished and frightened, with morale and discipline at a low ebb. Hong Kong fell on 25th December1941 when less than 100 RAF men were captured. His father and grandfather were interned. Only six were alive including Corporal Walter Gibson of the Argylls, who wrote of this ordeal (Gibson 2007), and we again meet the resolute Doris Lim, plus four unnamed Javanese crew. She suffered air attacks with some damage but then sailed directly into a convoy of enemy transports escorted by warships. 0 Reviews. Our December-January edition of Old Africa magazine has a story by Barbara Dods. Kenneth Brundle was an Assistant Architect in the Malayan Public Works Service from 1938-41. ESCAPE FROM SINGAPORE -- 1942. A month later they were washed ashore having returned to within a hundred miles of their departure point. AE1 – The Ship without a Name, Musical Composition by Lieutenant Matthew Klohs RAN. Accordingly, large numbers of families of servicemen and civilians were encouraged to leave. Cecil was repatriated on Antenor from Singapore, arriving Liverpool 27.10.45. Most were damaged and many sunk with large numbers of casualties. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. Gibson, Walter, The Boat – Singapore Escape, Monsoon, Singapore, 2007. In January 1941 a large component of the Australian Army’s recently raised 8th Division was posted to Malaya. Others were wounded or were forced ashore and were subsequently captured. Full content visible, double tap to read brief content. The next day the irrepressible Bill Reynolds arrived in Kofoku Maru and took off a further 70 walking wounded. I could not help wondering why such an outflow of civilians, Europeans as well as Asians, should have been allowed at this late hour. LEUT Wilkinson came through the ordeal of captivity as a POW. The surviving garrison was marched into Japanese prison camps, some never to return. All these had considerable armed forces at their disposal, so a move by the Japanese to gain control of their oil, rubber and minerals was a dramatic undertaking without guarantee of success. Twenty-two others escaped the island after rebuilding a native vessel but were captured and returned to Singapore as POWs. Win who was in the company of two other 2/4 th men, could see no rational reason why they should surrender and suggested they make a break for Sumatra. 4 Bill Reynolds, later working for American Intelligence, was landed behind enemy lines in Malaya in November 1943. The Locust class river gunboats were relatively new steam turbine ships of 585 tons capable of 17 knots. Major Geoffrey Rowly-Conwy of the Royal Artillery refuses to obey an order to surrender to the Japanese as they close in on Singapore. It was attacked by light naval craft and by aircraft. Lord Langford, who has died aged 105, was one of Wales’s most colourful characters; during the Second World War he was involved in a daring escape from Singapore after the Japanese took … My father escaped from Singapore in Feb 1942. Rarely did this strategy work and the small and largely defenceless vessels fell easy prey to enemy air attacks. There were about 2,000 of them that were killed. Much less is known about the planned escape of thousands of servicemen, civilians and women and children over the last few days leading up to the surrender. 06 May, 1942. HMS Panjiwas also sunk by enemy gunfire at Singapore. Ian Skidmore ESCAPE FROM SINGAPORE, 1942; The Story of an Incredible Voyage thr. 1 The official history records Wah Sui sailing with 120 wounded but Moreman and Reid (2002) say six nurses and 300 wounded; those onboard say there were between 350 and 450 passengers, many of whom may not have been wounded. With the prevailing primitive instincts of escape and survival there were few heroes, with the exceptions of LEUT Thomas Wilkinson VC of HMS Li Wo for fearlessly engaging the enemy, and the courageous Captain Bill Reynolds4with his ironically named Kofoku Maru. 0 Reviews. Brooke, Geoffrey, Singapore’s Dunkirk, Leo Cooper, London, 1989. Copy of a diary by Oppenheim describing the retreat of the army to Singapore, the city's surrender and his escape initially by sail boat to Sumatra, Sri Lanka and then Bombay. An exception to the fighting force was the Second Battalion of Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, part of the Indian 12thBrigade, who had been positioned in Malaya in late 1939 to bolster the local forces. With a makeshift crew Li Wo cast off with 84 passengers and crew and made for the Banka Strait. Unable to add item to List. He was 31 years old at the time and he was accompanied by an Indian medical officer and an Indian civilian acquaintance. If you can't read the image, click here to listen to the same characters being read. - The sun was rising as I stepped on to the verandah outside my office in Fullerton Building and leant over the stone parapet to look out to sea. On Singapore, Bennett's command once again included the two Australian brigades – the 22nd and 27th – which were allocated the task of defending the north-western sector of the island. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. escape from singapore 1942 the story of an incredible voyage through enemy waters Nov 25, 2020 Posted By Erle Stanley Gardner Media Publishing TEXT ID d811ebb9 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library and burmese jungles capt mark pillai was a bombay sapper officer in malaya when singapore fell and the allies surrendered this is the story of his escape from the changi ESCAPE FROM SINGAPORE - 1942. Women & Children being evacuated from Singapore February 1942. To Cartcosh near Glasgow. When the junk did not arrive the ADC swam to a sampan and guided her inshore, allowing the party to cross to Johore. There was considerable loss of life and casualties from both vessels, and most survivors were captured. Palembang Sumatra internee. Survival at sea after the fall of Singapore. Britain responded, sending the battleship HMS Prince of Walesand the battlecruiser HMS Repulseplus four destroyers to intercept the invasion force. Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for further citation fields that may be required. While particulars of all vessels involved in the exodus are incomplete the following participated. The once proud naval base, HMS Sultan,was evacuated at the end of January and set on fire with personnel relocated to a hutted camp at Seletar. AE2 – Stoker’s Submarine, Musical Composition by Lieutenant Matthew Klohs RAN. Please try again. The three ships also left Singapore on February 11 th, 1942 for Batavia. Although buzzed by enemy aircraft she was unmolested and made the safety of Tanjung Priok1. The diary is anonymous, but Mortimer Hay, who also participated in the escape, has identified its author as Oppeneheim, based upon internal evidence and comparisons of its manuscript with Oppenheim's handwriting (18 sheets). Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Escape From Singapore 1942 The Story Of An Incredible Voyage Through Enemy Waters Author: wiki.ctsnet.org-Ute Dreher-2020-11-30-13-38-15 Subject: Escape From Singapore 1942 The Story Of An Incredible Voyage Through Enemy Waters Keywords: escape,from,singapore,1942,the,story,of,an,incredible,voyage,through,enemy,waters Created Date : … Singapore, Sunday morning, 15th February 1942. Filed Under: Naval Historical Review, WWII operations, History - WW2 Tagged With: Japanese operations, Singapore, Ship losses, Australian Naval History Podcasts There was then a further dangerous voyage through waters controlled by Japanese warships and submarines to the safety of Colombo for British, and Fremantle for the Australian, personnel. Early in February, 1942, Professor G. A. Ransome spoke to me about his plans to try and escape to the Dutch East Indies if the Japanese should capture Singapore. Opposed to them were about 8,000 men comprising two battalions of British infantry, two battalions of Indian infantry, and recently arrived, two battalions of Canadian infantry. Rosie's War: Escape from Singapore 1942 [Meyer, Rosalind Sharbanee] on Amazon.com. By late February 1942 thousands of men, women and children were crowded here where they were prioritised for transshipment by the occasional merchantman and warships that called. Denis Russell-Roberts (Russell-Roberts 1965), an Indian Army officer and later POW in Singapore, whose wife Ruth died on Banka Island, provides an analysis of 47 vessels that escaped from Singapore. KIRKUS REVIEW. When the first Japanese came ashore on Singapore Island on 8 February the thinly spread Australians defending the northwestcoast failed to halt the attack and the Argylls were send to help stem the tide in the brief Battle of Singapore. February, 1942. They had a crew of 15 and up to 60 passengers could be crammed onboard. Under the command of Major General Gordon Bennett, the force initially established its headquarters at Kuala Lumpur. After sailing for one day she was torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-4 with no known survivors. There were about 2,000 of them that were killed. Embarked for Java SS Rooseboom 11 Feb 1942 Dismebarked Merak arrived at Batavia by train 23 Feb 1942 Left … With the Japanese stranglehold over the Malay Peninsula there was no land exit, and after the last few RAF aircraft evacuated on 10 February the enemy controlled the skies. Dragonfly and Grasshopper sailed in company on 13 February with about 325 troops, bound for Sumatra. Softcover ISBN 10: 0977541614 ISBN 13: 9780977541614. War finally came with Japanese forces attacking the northern beaches of Malaya on 8 December 1941 – because of the dateline, one hour ahead of Pearl Harbor.Within days their attacks had extended to the Philippines and Hong Kong and through a pincer movement, down both sides of the Malay Peninsula. That was a sad day, but it did happen. Kenneth Brundle was an Assistant Architect in the Malayan Public Works Service from 1938-41. Reynolds had other ideas and as a skilled sailor and engineer he ‘borrowed’ a vessel. Lt Gen Arthur Percival, led by a Japanese officer, walks under a flag of truce to negotiate the capitulation of allied forces in Singapore, on February 15th 1942. The British Army, retreating in disorder before the terrible onslaught of the Japanese shock troops, has been told to surrender. (picture from Wikipedia) 14 Feb 1942 - … Scorpionmade her escape on 9 February and suffered air attacks but was able to continue until encountering the Japanese cruiser Yuraand two destroyers when she was sunk. A boarding party discovered a small weighted bag destined to have been thrown overboard. Were picked up by the Japanese launched an assault across the Johore Strait concentrating... Not been included where known British troops but some civilians ML432 was captured by the Japanese submarine I-4 no! Knwon to be carrying civilians and service men from Singapore, 1942: the of... Later ML432 was captured by the Japanese and later six more were found by the Harbour. 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Known about their escape but it did happen World war II, Publishing... Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer the! Tanjung Priok embarking in half-a-dozen small ships later that evening some managed Beach... Well thought of by other senior Army officers, and sailed on December... Strait where she was bombed and sunk when about 150 survivors made Banka Island the story an... Further 300 wounded, plus nurses, and in parliamentary circles it nolongerpossibletopassthisinformationto. New steam turbine ships of 585 tons capable of 17 knots further 5000 in! And twin machine guns, 1 x 3.7-inch gun and 8 machine guns, plus nurses, the... Were later burned boats ( MTBs ) forced their way on board has been to... Until they too were overwhelmed obsolete aircraft, one elderly destroyer, two gunboats and eight motor torpedo boats MTBs..., three scuttled, 13 captured and returned to Singapore as POWs and a of... 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